Penn History

Modern research degrees offered by the Wharton School and awarded by the Graduate Council of the Faculties and its predecessors (1882-2003) in chronological order:

(Note: Until 1964, most of the Wharton School’s research degree were awarded in the Graduate Group in Economics. Since 1964, most of the Wharton School’s research degrees have been awarded in the Graduate Group in Managerial Science and Applied Economics. Most of the “Graduate Groups” listed below were or are separate programs of those Graduate Groups.)

Name of Degree Abbreviation Years and Graduate Groups
(or analogous administrative structures) 
in which the degree was offered or awarded
Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D. 1891-present

  • Accounting (1971-present)
  • Business Economics (1976-1986)
  • Business Organization and Operation (1947-1975)
  • Business and Public Policy [originally Public Policy Analysis] (1976-1978, 1985-present) [Between 1978-1985, this program seems to have been offered by the School of Public and Urban Policy]
  • Decision Sciences (1975-1993)
  • Economics [originally Political Economy] (1891-1974)
  • Economic Geography (1928-1933, 1947-1962)
  • Economic Geography and Industry (1907-1924)
  • Finance (1907-1918, 1928-present)
  • Health Care Systems (1985-present)
  • Industry (1928-1947)
  • Insurance and Risk Management [originally Insurance and Brokerage] (1928-present)
  • Management (1947-present) [originally separate programs in Labor and Industrial Relations, International Commerce, and Organization Behavior)
  • Marketing [originally Mechandising] (1929-present)
  • Operations and Information Management [originally Operations Research] (1966-present)
  • Peace Research (1970-1974)
  • Political Science (1896-1974)
  • Real Estate (2000-present)
  • Regional Science (1959-1974)
  • Social Systems Science (1975-1988)
  • Sociology (1900-1974)
  • Statistics (1894-1903, 1928-1933, 1947-present)
  • Transportation and Commerce [later known as Transportation and Public Utilities] (1897-1924, 1928-1965)
Master of Arts A.M. 1896-1996

  • Accounting (1971-present)
  • Business Economics (1976-1986)
  • Business Organization and Operation (1947-1975)
  • Business and Public Policy [originally Public Policy Analysis] (1976-1978, 1985-1996) [Between 1978-1985, this program seems to have been offered by the School of Public and Urban Policy]
  • Decision Sciences (1975-1993)
  • Economics [originally Political Economy] (1896-1974)
  • Economic Geography (1928-1933, 1947-1962)
  • Economic Geography and Industry (1907-1924)
  • Finance (1907-1918, 1928-present)
  • Health Care Systems (1985-1996)
  • Industry (1928-1947)
  • Insurance and Risk Management [originally Insurance and Brokerage] (1928-1996)
  • Management (1947-1996) [originally separate programs in Labor and Industrial Relations, International Commerce, and Organization Behavior)
  • Marketing [originally Mechandising] (1929-1996)
  • Peace Research (1970-1974)
  • Political Science (1907-1974)
  • Regional Science (1959-1974)
  • Social Systems Science (1975-1988)
  • Sociology (1900-1974)
  • Statistics (1894-1903, 1928-1933, 1947-present)
  • Transportation and Commerce [later known as Transportation and Public Utilities] (1897-1924, 1928-1965)
Master of Science M.S. 1910-1996

  • Economics (1910)
  • Operations Research (1966-1996)
  • Political Science (1910)
  • Sociology (1910)
  • Transportation and Commerce (1910-1911)