Penn History

By Mira Shetty, University Archives Summer Research Fellow, 2018, with J.J. Ahern

Armstrong, James F. “Philadelphia, Nurses, and the Spanish Influenza Pandemic of 1918.” Naval History and Heritage Command. 7 April 2015.

“Catalogue of the University of Pennsylvania.” April 1919. Pp. 9, 24-25.

“Forty-Eighth Annual Report of Presbyterian Hospital in Philadelphia.” 21 January 1919. Pp. 31, 94-95.

“Forty-Fifth Annual Report of the Board of Managers of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania.” Innes and Sons. 1919. Pp. 24-26.

Gammon, Katharine. “Flu Forward 1918 | 2018.” Penn Medicine Magazine. Winter 2018. Penn Medicine.

Higgins, James E. “A Lost History: Writing the Influenza Epidemic in Pennsylvania, 1918-1922.” Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies. Volume 85, Number 3, 2018. Pp. 394-405. Project MUSE.

Influenza in 1918: Recollections of the Epidemic in Philadelphia.” Annals of Internal Medicine. University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. 18 July 2006.

Lynch, Eileen A. “The Flu of 1918.” The Pennsylvania Gazette. November/December 1998. Pp. 28-33.

“Presbyterian Medical Center Trustees Minutes No. 11.” October 1918-January 1919. Pp. 255-287.

“Report from Household Committee to Board of Trustees.” October 1918-January 1919. Pp. 1-4.

“The Alumni Register.” Volume XXI. December 1918. The General Alumni Society of the University of Pennsylvania. Pp. 169-171.

The Daily Pennsylvanian [Philadelphia, PA], 30 September 1918-11 October 1919.

Vergano, Dan. “1918 Flu Pandemic That Killed 50 Million Originated in China, Historians Say.” 24 January 2014. National Geographic.

Wirth, Thomas. “Influenza (“Spanish Flu” Pandemic, 1918-19).” The Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia. University of Pennsylvania Press. 2011.

Wirth, Thomas. “Urban Neglect: The Environment, Public Health, and Influenza in Philadelphia, 1915-1919.” Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies, The Pennsylvania Historical Association. Volume 73, Number 3, pp. 316-342. Summer 2006.