Finding Aid

Crawford Williamson Long Collection

UPT 50 L848

Access to collections is granted in accordance with the Protocols for the University Archives and Records Center.

Summary Information

Prepared by
Joseph-James Ahern
Preparation date
June 2010
Date [inclusive]
1842-1907
Extent
1.0 Item

PROVENANCE

From the collection of George E. Nitzche.

ARRANGEMENT

This collection consist of a single item.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Crawford Williamson Long was born on November 1, 1815 in Danielsville, GA to a prosperous family. He was a member of the Medical Class of 1839, and was the first in surgeon in American to use ether as an anesthetic in a surgical operation in 1842. Long’s rural location and busy practice delayed his reporting of his findings until 1849. In 1846 Henry Jacob Bigelow of Boston reported the use of esther in Massachusetts General Hospital by John C. Warren and William T. G. Morton. This resulted in a dispute between Long and Morton over who’s claim was correct. Both petitioned Congress for redress, but the events of the time precluded any action.

Long was also known for his skill and dedication as a physician. Long died on June 16, 1878.

SCOPE AND CONTENT

The Crawford Williamson Long Collection contains photographs of documents attesting to his use of esther as an anesthetic. The source of the letters is not indicated.

Additional biographical material on Long can be found in his Alumni Record File. Crawford Williamson Long’s papers are at the Library of Congress and the University of Georgia Library in Athens.

Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)
Affidavits.
Subject(s)
Ether–History–19th century.

Inventory

 

Affidavit Scrapbook 

Box

Folder

Photographs of Letters, 1842-1907